The Spanish encountered various cultures that supported themselves principally through slash-and-burn agriculture and hunting.
The conquest of Chile began in earnest in 1540 and was carried out by Pedro de Valdivia, one of Francisco Pizarro's lieutenants, who founded the city of Santiago on 12 February 1541.
Chile is today one of South America's most economically and socially stable and prosperous nations, with a high-income economy and high living standards.
Chile is the only South American member of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), joining in 2010.
Spain conquered and colonized the region in the mid-16th century, replacing Inca rule in the north and centre, but failing to conquer the independent Mapuche who inhabited what is now south-central Chile.
After declaring its independence from Spain in 1818, Chile emerged in the 1830s as a relatively stable authoritarian republic.
About 10,000 years ago, migrating Native Americans settled in fertile valleys and coastal areas of what is present-day Chile.The arid Atacama Desert in northern Chile contains great mineral wealth, principally copper.The relatively small central area dominates in terms of population and agricultural resources, and is the cultural and political center from which Chile expanded in the late 19th century when it incorporated its northern and southern regions.""That is definitely my friend, someone I care dearly for," he said."I'd be so lucky to be able to..called dating someone like that."Chilli, 45, has not commented publicly about Cannon, who filed for divorce from Carey in December 2014 after six years of marriage.